Introduction to educational research

by Charles, C. M.
Additional authors: Mertler, Craig A.
Edition statement:4th ed. Published by : Allyn and Bacon, (Boston :) Physical details: xxiv, 392 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. ISBN:0321081757 (alk. paper).
Subject(s): Education -- Research.
Year: 2002
Item type Current location Call number Copy number Status Date due
Books Books British Council Library
BLUE ZONE
370.72 (Browse shelf) 1 Available

Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

This practical introductory text helps students understand, conduct, and interpret both qualitative and quantitative paradigms in educational research methods.

This book is organized around eight research methods to help users plan and conduct their first educational research projects. By proceeding through chapter contents and completing the in-text exercises, readers will simultaneously prepare a research plan and learn how to obtain and analyze data, address research questions and hypotheses, and prepare a report of their projects. In keeping with the main purpose of helping users clearly understand and apply research concepts, many pedagogical features have been included in the book. Additionally, each chapter contains one or more special sections titled "Applying Technology."

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • Preface (p. xvii)
  • Part 1 Orientation to Educational Research (p. 1)
  • 1 Educational Research: Its Nature and Rules of Operation (p. 3)
  • Preview (p. 3)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 3)
  • Chapter Information Organizers (p. 4)
  • Chapter 1 Information Organizer (p. 5)
  • New Questions about Elmwood's Schools (p. 5)
  • Seeking Answers to Questions (p. 5)
  • The Scientific Method (p. 7)
  • Research and the Scientific Method (p. 8)
  • Research and Educational Research (p. 11)
  • Rules of Operation in Educational Research (p. 11)
  • Educators as Researchers (p. 23)
  • 2 Types of Educational Research and Corresponding Sources of Data (p. 26)
  • Preview (p. 26)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 27)
  • Variables and Educational Research (p. 27)
  • Chapter 2 Information Organizer (p. 28)
  • Types of Educational Research (p. 29)
  • Primary and Secondary Sources of Research Data (p. 36)
  • Specific Sources of Research Data (p. 37)
  • Procedures Used in Collecting Data (p. 38)
  • Qualities Required in Research Data (p. 40)
  • Treatment and Presentation of Data (p. 42)
  • Additional Terminology Related to Data (p. 45)
  • Part 2 Preliminary Skills Needed for Conducting Research (p. 49)
  • 3 Selecting, Refining, and Proposing a Topic for Research (p. 51)
  • Preview (p. 51)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 51)
  • Chapter 3 Information Organizer (p. 52)
  • Where to Find Good Research Topics (p. 53)
  • Preliminary Considerations in Selecting Topics (p. 55)
  • Refining the Research Topic (p. 58)
  • Some Necessary Terminology (p. 59)
  • Regulating the Size of Research Topics (p. 64)
  • Foreseeing the Research Report Format (p. 65)
  • The Value of Conventional Procedures and Report (p. 66)
  • Refining the Topic: Two Illustrative Cases (p. 67)
  • Preparing a Research Proposal (p. 70)
  • 4 Locating Published Research (p. 75)
  • Preview (p. 75)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 75)
  • Chapter 4 Information Organizer (p. 76)
  • Using the Research Library (p. 76)
  • Secondary Sources in the Library (p. 77)
  • Primary Sources in the Library (p. 80)
  • A Purposeful Visit to the Library (p. 94)
  • Not Just for Conducting Research--Valuable Sources for Professional Development (p. 95)
  • 5 Interpreting and Summarizing Published Research (p. 99)
  • Preview (p. 99)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 100)
  • Reading Research Reports (p. 100)
  • Chapter 5 Information Organizer (p. 101)
  • Interpreting the Statistical Information You Encounter (p. 105)
  • Correlational Reports (p. 113)
  • Review of Terminology Used in Correlational Reports (p. 114)
  • The Concept of Significance (p. 115)
  • Part 3 Conducting Your Own Research Project (p. 119)
  • 6 Designing a Research Project (p. 121)
  • Preview (p. 121)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 121)
  • Chapter 6 Information Organizer (p. 122)
  • How Planning Should Be Done (p. 122)
  • The Approach to Planning Advocated in This Book (p. 123)
  • Tasks to Be Accomplished When Planning Research (p. 123)
  • Illustrative Example of Planning a Research Project (p. 138)
  • 7 Procedures and Tools for Gathering Data (p. 145)
  • Preview (p. 145)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 145)
  • Chapter 7 Information Organizer (p. 146)
  • Types of Research and Their Typical Foci (p. 147)
  • Types of Data Needed (p. 148)
  • Sources of Data for Various Types of Research (p. 148)
  • Samples and Their Selection (p. 149)
  • Size of Samples (p. 154)
  • Relationships among Research Focus, Data, Source, and Sample (p. 155)
  • Validity and Reliability in Data Collection (p. 155)
  • Procedures in Data Collection (p. 159)
  • Relationships between Types of Research and Data Collection (p. 170)
  • Relationships among Procedures, Tools, and Formats (p. 171)
  • A Composite of Research Types and Data Collection Procedures (p. 172)
  • Data Collection Profiles (p. 172)
  • 8 Analyzing Research Data and Presenting Findings (p. 177)
  • Preview (p. 177)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 178)
  • Chapter 8 Information Organizer (p. 178)
  • Qualitative Data and Quantitative Data (p. 179)
  • Analyzing Ethnographic Data (p. 182)
  • Cautions and Reminders in Qualitative Data Analysis (p. 184)
  • Analyzing Quantitative Data (p. 185)
  • What Statistics Are Used For (p. 186)
  • Descriptive Statistics and Inferential Statistics (p. 188)
  • Presenting Your Findings (p. 198)
  • 9 Preparing a Research Report (p. 201)
  • Preview (p. 201)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 201)
  • Chapter 9 Information Organizer (p. 202)
  • Conventions in Research and Reporting (p. 202)
  • Conventions of Style (p. 203)
  • Conventions of Format (p. 206)
  • Style Guides (p. 213)
  • A Composite Outline of Format Conventions (p. 214)
  • Sample Pages (p. 221)
  • Part 4 Procedures and Exemplars in Eight Types of Research (p. 235)
  • 10 Ethnographic Research (p. 237)
  • Preview (p. 237)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 237)
  • Chapter 10 Information Organizer (p. 238)
  • The Nature of Ethnographic Research (p. 238)
  • An Example of Ethnographic Research: "Teachers in Bars: From Professional to Personal Self" (p. 242)
  • A Second Example of Ethnographic Research: "I Wouldn't Want to Shoot Nobody: The Out-of-School Curriculum as Described by Urban Students" (p. 252)
  • Organizing for Ethnographic Research (p. 258)
  • 11 Descriptive Research and Historical Research (p. 263)
  • Preview (p. 263)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 263)
  • Chapter 11 Information Organizer (p. 264)
  • The Nature of Descriptive Research and Historical Research (p. 265)
  • An Example of Descriptive Research: "Urban Teachers Who Quit: Why They Leave and What They Do" (p. 269)
  • An Example of Historical Research: "An A Is Not an A Is Not an A: A History of Grading" (p. 272)
  • Organizing for Descriptive Research and Historical Research (p. 276)
  • Case Study (p. 277)
  • 12 Correlational Research (p. 281)
  • Preview (p. 281)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 281)
  • Chapter 12 Information Organizer (p. 282)
  • Weather and the Process of Education (p. 282)
  • Correlations (p. 283)
  • The Nature of Correlational Research (p. 284)
  • Cautions Concerning Cause and Effect (p. 284)
  • Topics for Correlational Research (p. 285)
  • Hypotheses and Questions in Correlational Research (p. 285)
  • Correlational Research Design (p. 286)
  • Data Sources and Collection (p. 287)
  • What Can Be Correlated, and How (p. 287)
  • Multivariate Correlations (p. 288)
  • An Example of Correlational Research: "Relationship of Computer Science Aptitude with Selected Achievement Measures among Junior High Students" (p. 289)
  • Organizing for Correlational Research (p. 292)
  • 13 Action Research and Evaluation Research (p. 299)
  • Preview (p. 299)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 299)
  • Chapter 13 Information Organizer (p. 300)
  • Action Research (p. 301)
  • Evaluation Research (p. 311)
  • 14 Experimental, Quasi-Experimental, and Causal-Comparative Research (p. 324)
  • Preview (p. 324)
  • Targeted Learnings (p. 324)
  • Chapter 14 Information Organizer (p. 325)
  • The Search for Causation (p. 326)
  • Experimental Research (p. 326)
  • Quasi-Experimental Research (p. 327)
  • Causal-Comparative Research (p. 327)
  • Fundamentals of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research (p. 328)
  • The Commonality of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs (p. 333)
  • Threats to Internal and External Validity (p. 334)
  • An Example of Experimental Research: "The Development of a Positive Self-Concept in Preservice Teachers" (p. 335)
  • Causal-Comparative Research (p. 341)
  • An Example of Causal-Comparative Research: "The Relation of Gender and Academic Achievement to Career Self-Efficacy and Interests" (p. 344)
  • Appendix Overview of Statistical Concepts and Procedures (p. 356)
  • The Nature and Uses of Statistics (p. 356)
  • Populations and Samples (p. 357)
  • Parametric Statistics and Nonparametric Statistics (p. 358)
  • The Calculation and Interpretation of Descriptive Statistics (p. 359)
  • Descriptive Statistics and the Normal Probability Curve (p. 364)
  • Relative Standings Associated with the Normal Curve (p. 365)
  • Calculating and Interpreting Inferential Statistics (p. 367)
  • Chi-square--Its Calculation and Interpretation (p. 369)
  • Calculating and Interpreting Standard Error and Confidence Limits (p. 370)
  • Testing for Significance (p. 373)
  • Type I and Type II Errors (p. 376)
  • Review of Statistical Terminology (p. 376)
  • Exercise in Calculating a Coefficient of Correlation (p. 377)
  • Answers to Exercises (p. 378)
  • Glossary (p. 379)
  • Author Index (p. 387)
  • Subject Index (p. 388)

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